The text is as follows:
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Also, COMING SOON!! The launch of The Slavery Project by AntiquityNOW. Stay tuned to our blog for more information about this important new educational project.
Posted in Blog, Holidays, Human Rights, Law, Public Life
Tagged 13th Amendment, 150th Anniversary, abolition, abolition of slavery, AntiquityNOW, ratification, slavery, The Slavery Project
ISIS has reportedly bulldozed the ancient city of Nimrud.
You’ve probably seen the reports of destruction coming out of the Middle East. You’ve certainly heard of ISIS and its reign of terror. The loss of life and the horrifying atrocities being committed against innocent people are splashed across every news network. But ISIS is doing more than taking individual lives. The group is bent on annihilating ancient culture and what it represents. This part of the news story may not have caught everyone’s eye, but it is a desperately important part of that story. Continue reading
Posted in AntiquityNOW Forum, Architecture, Art, Blog, Crime, Culture, Education, Human Rights, Law, Politics, Public Life, Religion, War and Violence
Tagged ancient history, AntiquityNOW, Corine Wegener, cultural heritage preservation, Deborah Lehr, Hatra, Isis, Islamic State, Khorsabad, Nimrud, religious freedom, Syria, war crimes
The Elgin Marbles, one of the most famous cases in the debate over repatriation, are seen here in the British Museum.
The topic of repatriation of cultural artifacts is hotly contested, with intense opinions and emotions on both sides of the argument. Repatriation of cultural artifacts is a process by which an item is returned to its country of origin. Whether or not an item should be returned to its country of origin may seem like an easy question to answer. Of course a nation’s cultural history should rest with the nation itself. However, the issue is not so simple. Most people agree that when repatriation is requested because an item has been looted and illegally removed from its origin, it should be returned, but when the repatriation request is based solely upon a nation’s claim to their cultural heritage, the issue becomes extremely complicated. There are questions about a nation’s ability to safeguard the item, questions surrounding regions at war and embroiled in violent conflict, issues with humanity’s right to its shared cultural heritage and problems that arise when multiple nations claim a right to the artifact because the original home of the artifact no longer exists. In fact, the topic is so nuanced and is impacted by so many different forces, it is sometimes difficult to figure out which side you’re on. Continue reading
Posted in AntiquityNOW Forum, Blog, Culture, Education, Law, Public Life
Tagged ancient history, AntiquityNOW, AntiquityNOW Forum, cultural heritage, cultural preservation, James Cuno, provenance, repatriation
“Man’s capacity for justice makes democracy possible, but man’s inclination to injustice makes democracy necessary. ” –Reinhold Niebuhr 
Today is voting day for the general mid-term elections in the United States. In honor of Americans flexing their right to vote we’ve put together a list of great sites to visit to learn more about democracy throughout history. Continue reading
Posted in Blog, Human Rights, Law, Politics, Public Life
Tagged ancient democracy, ancient government, ancient history, AntiquityNOW, Athenian democracy, history of democracy, Roman Republic government, United States government
Image courtesy of Tyler Menezes on Flickr.
The life of Socrates is in the hands of 500 reticent jurors. He stands trial for poisoning the minds of Athenian youth and inspiring rebellion with anti-democratic teachings. Silently, the jurors cast their ballots into one of two urns that represent guilt or innocence…
Socrates was found guilty and sentenced to death. Shielding the public from dangerous ideas outweighed one man’s right to free expression on the scales of Athenian justice. Throughout history, society’s weighing of public good against individual rights has shaped the history of censorship. It’s a dilemma both ancient and familiar. Continue reading
Posted in Blog, Communications, Crime, Culture, Education, Human Rights, Law, Literature, Politics, Public Life
Tagged American legal system, ancient history, ancient law, AntiquityNOW, book burning, censorship, Jewish Law, Plato, Roman Law, Socrates